What Are The Types Of Acne and How Does Acne Cause Scars?

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Acne is a skin disease that causes pimples that can occur anywhere on your face and other parts of your body, including shoulders, forehead, upper back, chest, and others. It is a problem for many people, especially during their teenage years. The major cause of acne could be fluctuating hormonal levels, genetics, higher stress, use of greasy personal care products, oily products, higher humidity, and others. Though a person of any age tends to suffer from acne, it infects mostly teenagers.

When you get infected with acne, your skin pores generally get blocked by sebum, hair, dead skin cells, bacteria, and due to other conditions. Due to pore blockage, your skin produces whiteheads, blackheads, nodules, and also different forms of pimples. In today’s time, acne has become a common disease and the majority of people are suffering from this.

Types of Acne

Types of Acne

Acne can be mild, moderate, or severe, and it can lead to scarring. Let’s discuss here various types of acne that most people are suffering from nowadays.

1. Blackheads and Whiteheads:

These are the most common types of acne. Blackheads are small, dark-colored bumps that form when hair follicles become clogged with oil and dead skin cells. Whiteheads are small, white bumps that form when oil and dead skin cells clog the pores.

2. Cysts:

Cysts are large, pus-filled pimples that can be painful and often lead to scarring.

3. Nodules:

Nodules are large, hard bumps that form deep within the skin and can be very painful.

4. Conglobate Acne:

This is the most severe type of acne, characterized by large, inflamed cysts and nodules that cover a large area of the face or body.

 

Causes of Acne

Acne is caused by a combination of factors, including hormones, genetics, and the overproduction of oil. Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during puberty or during certain times in the menstrual cycle, can cause the skin to produce more oil. This excess oil can clog the pores and lead to the formation of pimples.

Certain medications, such as steroids and some birth control pills, can also cause the skin to produce more oil. And some people are simply more prone to developing acne due to genetics.

How Acne Causes Scars

Though Acne is a common skin disease, it’s temporary. So, those who are suffering from this should not get worried. But, the thing that causes worry is the scar caused by this disease. And the bad thing is that skin scar tends to be permanent. You need to know that scars are the most crucial parts of the normal healing process for your skin once it gets damaged by injury or wound. The majority of superficial wounds tend to heal even without causing a scar.

Acne scars occur due to inflamed lesions, be it pustule, papule, or cyst. Inflamed blemishes tend to take place, especially when the pore or follicle gets engorged with dead skin cells, excessive oil, bacteria, and more. When skin pores swell, it breaks into the follicle wall. If you notice the occurrence of rapture near the surface of the skin, the lesion is generally minor and also tends to heal as fast as possible.

People suffering from acne can even experience more severe lesions especially when there’s a deep break in the follicle wall. Those infected materials often spill out into the dermis and can also destroy even your healthy skin tissue. For repairing caused by the dermis, the skin produces new collagen fibres. When it comes collagen, it’s a fibrous protein that can provide the skin with its flexibility and also strength.

If you notice the higher inflammation on your skin, it means that you can experience more scars. Meanwhile, deep breakouts that generally take a longer time for healing also increase the chance of a scar.

Ways To Prevent Acne Scars

Ways To Prevent Acne Scars
Acne scars are caused by a variety of factors, but there are ways to prevent them. One way to prevent acne scars is to avoid picking at your skin. Picking at your skin can cause the acne to become inflamed, which can lead to scarring. Another way to prevent acne scars is to treat your acne early. Treating your acne early can help to prevent the formation of scars. There are several treatments available for acne, so it is important to speak to the best dermatologist in Bangalore about the best treatment for you.

Let’s explore here several other ways to prevent acne scars. Take a look.

1. Minimize Inflammation

This is one of the most effective methods to prevent acne scars. Inflamed and large acne is more likely to create a scar. Meanwhile, blackheads and non-inflamed breakouts generally do not create any such issue. So, your main objective should always be to avoid indulging in those activities that tend to cause skin irritation and also calm inflammation. You should not use those harsh skin care products and also don’t scrub your skin aggressively.

2. Avoid Picking at Scabs

The next thing that you should avoid for preventing acne scars is avoiding picking at scabs. When it comes to scab, it serves as a skin’s natural bandage, which offers great protection to the wound as it heals. When you pick a scab off a wound before it’s ready it prolongs the healing process. It, on the other hand, improves the chance of a scar.

3. Don’t Squeeze at Pimples

You should always avoid squeezing at pimples. If you do the same, it forces debris deeper into the dermis. It spreads an infection to those other tissues and also tends to worsen inflammation. This is indeed true for severe blemishes such as cysts, and nodules. You need to remember the fact that squeezing at pimples can increase their healing time. It can cause a permanent scar. You need to let the blemish heal naturally.

In case you already picked at the blemish, you need to take certain steps for healing the same and also can reduce the skin damage.

4. Know Your Chance of Getting Scar

The actual reality is that many people tend to scar whereas others experience severe acne even without any scar in sight. If you experience scarring, you should always approach the best dermatologist in Hyderabad in a perfect way for discussing those acne treatment options.

5. Go for Treatment for Cyst and Breakout

You need to understand the fact that a smaller blemish is something that tends to scar the skin. It can cause damage. The actual reason is they can extend deeper into your skin, cystic breakouts, or deep nodular breakouts. These are likely to destroy tissues and also tend to leave a scar. So, to get rid of this, you need to get in touch with a healthcare provider.

How Dermatologists Can Diagnose Acne Scars

Diagnose Acne Scars

The best dermatologist in Bangalore can diagnose acne by observing your skin and then find out if the lesions are fully consistent with acne which is also another process of a dermatologist. For diagnosing acne scars, they will observe your skin to find out if you have an acne scar and also its type. He or she will look at the location, size, and shape of the scar and compare it to other scars on the body. The dermatologist may also ask about any history of acne and whether the scar is itchy or painful.

Dermatologists don’t need to perform any other specific test for diagnosing acne scars – visual observation is enough for the same. They will also determine the severity of your acne scar. One measurement system includes four different grades of scaring, including mild, macular, moderate, and severe.

When it comes to Grade one, macular, is a scar that’s indeed red but flat. Mild, it’s a scar that one can easily cover through facial hair or makeup. Moderate is indeed obvious at a social distance. It is something that you can’t cover through makeup or facials. Severity is a scar that is quite evident at a social distance that is more than 50 centimetres. You certainly can’t cover this scar through facial and makeup.

Will Acne Scar Removal Treatment Work?

Acne scars are a common result of acne breakouts. While the exact cause of acne scars is unknown, they are believed to form when the body mounts an inflammatory response to acne bacteria. Inflammatory cells release enzymes that break down collagen, leading to the formation of scars.

There are two main types of acne scars: atrophic and hypertrophic. Atrophic scars are sunken and usually occur as a result of severe acne. Hypertrophic scars are raised and typically occur with less severe acne.

So, if you are experiencing any of these scars, you should immediately consult the best dermatologist in Hyderabad for better treatment. You need to understand the fact that some acne scars can be permanent whereas others can be temporary. Besides, some scars are less visible.

Patients who have acne scars often think about whether the acne treatment is effective or not. They need to understand that treatment can only prevent developing a new scar, not remove your existing scar.

For acne scar treatment in Bangalore, you need to first determine the type of acne scar you have; it helps you go for the best treatment option. When it comes to an atrophic acne scar, it needs certain treatments such as ablative laser treatment. Boxcar and rolling acne scars, on the other hand, need ablative laser treatment.

You need to understand the fact the scars will not harm you in any way. But, it doesn’t mean that you should put them with you. Though it doesn’t harm you, it impacts adversely on your confidence, mood, and also self-esteem.

If you think acne scar is not a problem for you, you can avoid the medical treatment. Meanwhile, those people who are suffering from depression, self-consciousness, or dissatisfaction may need to go for treatment with the right dermatologist.
For acne scar treatment in Bangalore, you will get various treatment options to choose from. Here are some of these;

One needs to get in touch with a dermatologist before they consider acne laser treatment since this kind of acne treatment incurs heavy expenses. A dermatologist takes various approaches when it comes to tackling different types of acne scars. For instance, if you have a mild acne scar, then you can improve your skin’s texture through dermabrasion. The deeper scar can be removed surgically so your skin tends to heal smoothly.

Ablative Laser treatment

It is something that is used for eliminating the small patches of skin that develop around the acne scar. So, when the skin grows, it looks smooth. This type of treatment you can use on those of various deeper scars, though it’s not so effective on severe scars as surgical excision.

Non-Ablative Laser Treatment

The process of non-ablative laser treatment doesn’t involve removing the skin. Meanwhile, it tends to improve the appearance of a scar by maximizing collagen production. It helps you with natural healing and also the process of regeneration, which can increase the appearance of your skin.

Fractionated Laser Resurfacing

It’s another treatment that is similar to non-ablative laser treatment and can be a great option to break down the material that causes discoloration. It helps scar in returning to the same color similar to the surrounding skin.

Fractionated Laser Resurfacing

Conclusion

There are many different types of acne, each with its own set of symptoms and treatments. Acne can also cause scars, which can be both physical and emotional. It is important to seek medical help if you think you may have acne, as it can be a sign of a more serious underlying condition. If you do have acne, there are many options available to treat it and help reduce the risk of scarring.

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